Creating a new plugin for the Janus WebRTC server

I am working on a system to support multi-site podcasting using WebRTC and the Janus Server seemed like a good place to start. None of the example plugins does exactly what I want so, rather than modify an existing plugin, I decided to create a new one based on an existing one (videoroom). The screen capture shows the result. At this stage, it is identical to the video room plugin hence the identical look of the test. There are a few steps to doing this such that it is integrated into the configuration and build system and there’s no way I will remember them, hence this aide-memoire!

One thing I noticed which has nothing to do with a new plugin is that I needed to install gtk-doc-tools before I could compile libnice as described in the dependency section of the readme.

Anyway, the janus-gateway repo has a plugins directory that contains c source (amongst other things) of the various plugins. I decided to base my new plugin on the videoroom plugin so I copied janus_videoroom.c into rt_podcall.c for the new plugin. Then, using a text editor, I changed all forms of text involving “videoroom” into “podcall”.

Once the source is created, it can be added into the file which is in the root of the repo. Basically, I copied anything involving “videoroom” and changed the text from “videoroom” to “podcall”. The same also needs to be done for

It is also necessary to create a configuration file for the new plugin. The repo root has a directory called conf which is where all of the configurations are held. I copied the janus.plugin.videoroom.jcfg.sample into janus.plugin.podcall.jcfg.sample to satisfy that requirement.

In order to test the plugin, it’s useful to add code into the existing demo system. The repo root has a directory called html that contains the test code. I copied videoroomtest.html and videoroomtest.js into podcall.html and podcall.js and edited the files to fix the references (such as plugin name) from videoroom to podcall.

To make the test available in the Demos dropdown, edit navbar.html and add the appropriate line in the dropdown menu.

Once all that’s done, it should be possible to build and install the modified Janus server:

./configure --prefix=/opt/janus
sudo make install
sudo make configs

The Janus server needs a webserver in order to run these tests. I used a very simple Python server to do this:

from http.server import HTTPServer, SimpleHTTPRequestHandler
import ssl

server_address = ('localhost', 8080)
httpd = HTTPServer(server_address, SimpleHTTPRequestHandler)
httpd.socket = ssl.wrap_socket(httpd.socket,

This is run with Python3 in the html directory and borrows the sample Janus certificates to support ssl. Replace localhost with a real IP address to allow access this server outside of the local machine.

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